By World Bank
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Extra resources for A Study of international fisheries research
To determine the present and future requirements for fisheries research, the study team began with an examination of the historical development of aquaculture, capture fisheries, and the postharvest sector (including processing, marketing, and trade). The development of fisheries was split into three periods: expansion, change, and adjustment. The examination, summarized in chapter 2, was undertaken to provide a basis for identifying and characterizing the fundamental changes taking place in fisheries and the forces shaping the future.
That amount is regarded as being at, or close to, the maximum biological limit. But projected population growth over the next 10 to 15 years implies an increase in global demand of about 20 million tons if per capita consumption remains steady. The greatest gap between supply and demand will be in Asia. To satisfy the demand will require improving the management of fisheries, making better use of what is caught (reducing waste), and increasing aquaculture production. There has been some concern that fishery development projects centered on capital investment and infrastructure have had too little success.
Although there may be potential gains in a few other areas, the number of developing states that have acquired significant wealth through the extension of jurisdiction is small. For the states that have benefited, there are important opportunities for increasing their gains from the resources, either by extracting revenues or other benefits from foreign fishermen or by replacing foreign fleets. Examples of the first approach include Morocco, whose recent agreement with the European Economic Community (EEC) is producing revenues of about US$80 million a year, and the South Pacific island states, which, with the help of the South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency, have negotiated an agreement with the United States.