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This publication bargains a trans-disciplinary research of the influence of mass crime at the rebuilding of social and political kinfolk. Drawing on old and more moderen casesincluding examples from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Burundi, Cambodia, Indonesia, Peru, and Rwandathe authors learn the influence of mass crimes on contributors, society at huge, and the companies fascinated about delivering guidance within the post-conflict part.
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Extra info for After Mass Crime: Rebuilding States and Communities
All of these efforts contribute signiﬁcantly to rebuilding human relationships after the experience of a mass crime. This close interplay between the individual and collective levels is necessary, as individuals cannot be considered in isolation from the culture to which they belong. When people have been affected by mass crimes, the proximity between these levels can be observed in the interconnectedness between the gravity of symbolic attacks (such as the loss of media for transmitting traditions or the repeated transgression of taboos), as in the cases of Cambodia or Guatemala, and the risk of unintentional symbolic violence displayed, for example, in humanitarian intervention operations.
475. 6. Primo Levi evoked this ‘‘grey zone’’ to explore the spectrum of behaviour of the victims of the concentration camps. He also suggested that this zone included the killers, without nonetheless considering there to be a symmetrical relationship between perpetrators and victims. Primo Levi, Naufrage´s et rescape´s, Paris: Gallimard, 1989. 7. Denis-Constant Martin, ‘‘Identity, culture, pride and conﬂict’’, in Simon Bekker and Rachel Prinsloo, eds, Identity? Theory, Politics, History, Pretoria: Human Sciences Research Council, 1999, p.
The use of the word ‘‘enemy’’, for instance, is a purely affective designation that evokes reﬂexive and instinctive judgments. One’s usage of terms must therefore be thoroughly precise. The idea of ‘‘irrationality’’ obscures not only the organization and deliberate method, which are always at work in these kinds of practices, but also overshadows the banality of the actors, who are, after all, ordinary humans. Instead of resorting to such all-encompassing notions, one should be attentive to the oftpresent mechanisms (political, social and psychological) that allow analogous events to emerge under different circumstances.