Download After the New Criticism by Frank Lentricchia PDF

By Frank Lentricchia

This paintings is the 1st heritage and assessment of latest American serious thought inside of its ecu philosophical contexts. within the first half, Frank Lentricchia analyzes the influence on our serious considered Frye, Stevens, Kermode, Sartre, Poulet, Heidegger, Sussure, Barthes, Lévi-Strauss, Derrida, and Foucault, between different, much less relevant figures. In a moment half, Lentricchia turns to 4 exemplary theorists at the American scene—Murray Krieger, E. D. Hirsch, Jr., Paul de guy, and Harold Bloom—and an research in their careers in the lineage proven partially one.

Lentricchia's serious purpose is in proof in his sustained assault at the kind of hidden formalist premises inherited from the recent serious fathers. Even within the identify of ancient cognizance, he contends, modern theorists have frequently lower literature off from social and temporal tactics. via so doing he believes that they have got disadvantaged literature of its appropriate values and became the educating of either literature and idea right into a rarefied task. All alongside the best way, with assistance from such varied thinkers as Saussure, Barthes, Foucault, Derrida, and Bloom, Lentricchia shows a method wherein destiny severe theorists may perhaps face up to the mandarin attitudes in their fathers.

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In the third essay, "Mythical Criticism: Theory of Myths," Frye returns to the hierarchical arrangement of the first essay, beginning with comedy on top, followed by romance, then tragedy, and, finally, in the "wintry celler,"72 as Wimsatt once phrased it, those twins of human constriction, irony and satire. "75 Tragedy, on the other hand, is reduced to the issue of freedom (or, more accurately, the loss of freedom). "76 Any tragic mythos, according to Frye, is a reenactment of the great Fall which, with St.

The list of five types of hero is arranged in descending order. At the top is the hero as divine being, who can do what he pleases: his freedom is unqualified. "6s In his second essay, "Ethical Criticism: Theory of Symbols," the order of freedom is an ascending one with the "descriptive" and the 23 The Place of Northrop Frye's Anatomy of Criticism "formal" phases of symbolic structure both in some way accountable to nature. Accountability means that nature is assumed, in these two phases, to have an independent existence which provides the patterns for all commentary that would assign meaning to the poem (and not rest with the formalistic exercise which refuses to "allegorize" and remains satisfied with the poem as a "literal" structure whose compositional features form interlocking patterns).

48 With his reliance on the NewCritical shibboleth and cliche ("autonomous verbal structure," "a structure of words for its own sake") and with his open condescension toward the instrumental, the cognitive, and the descriptive functions of literature, how obvious it is that Frye is a post-Kantian provincial himself who derives his fundamental views from the German idealist tradition-despite the implication that he, unlike the New Critics, is not confined historically to a single mode, that he has a transcendent, global perspective, a God's-eye-view of the entire literary universe.

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