By Oriana Josseau Kalant (auth.), Oriana Josseau Kalant (eds.)
Over the decade the realm has skilled a transforming into curiosity in difficulties linked to the nonmedical use of substances. This curiosity has corresponded to a true development within the quantity, variety, and social effect of using alcohol and medicine in lots of societies. accordingly, the quantity of analysis and writing with regards to drug difficulties has tremendously elevated, and it has turn into very tricky for one person to maintain with all of the proper literature. there's hence an acute want within the box for serious experiences that examine present advancements, and the current sequence is meant to fill this desire. The sequence isn't really to be an "annual assessment" within the traditional feel. the purpose isn't really to hide the entire paintings stated throughout the previous 12 months on the subject of a hard and fast choice of issues. fairly, it truly is to offer every year evaluative papers on subject matters within which sufficient fresh development has been made to change the overall scope in a selected region. as a result of the multidisciplinary nature of difficulties of drug use and dependence, the papers released in every one quantity can be drawn from a number of disciplines. despite the fact that, a few volumes will be dedicated to one partic ular challenge, with person experiences and papers interpreting quite a few points of it. The composition of the editorial board and the overseas advisory board displays those goals. The editors are individuals of the senior medical employees of the dependancy learn origin of Ontario.
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Additional info for Alcohol and Drug Problems in Women
It would be most interesting and useful to make SEX DIFFERENCES IN ALCOHOL AND DRUG PROBLEMS 21 systematic comparisons of drug-dependent pregnant women and matched nonpregnant controls, with respect to rates of spontaneous quitting and of quitting after treatment. It seems reasonable to assume that the pregnant woman is more highly motivated than the nonpregnant woman to cease drug taking because of the highly publicized adverse effects of drugs on the fetus and because of the high concern that most women have for the health of their offspring.
The strongest support for total abstinence came from native-born middle-class and uppermiddle-class Protestants. As Gusfield (1963) has pointed out, alcoholic beverages became taboo to the middle class and to those aspiring to the middle class, especially women. Drinking alcohol was excluded more and more from everyday life and became associated with nonfamily and nonwork activities. HARRY GENE LEVINE 28 Table 1. Alcoholic Beverage Consumption, with Absolute Alcohol for Each Beverage, per Capita of Drinking Age (15+) Population, in Gallons· Spirits Year Bev.
When cause-specific morbidity is considered, Wilkinson concludes that men have higher rates of heart and lung disease, while women have higher rates of some conditions affecting the central nervous system, such as the 16 ORIANA JOSSEAU KALANT Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome and dementia, and of liver disease, including hepatitis and cirrhosis. The reader is referred to Wilkinson's paper for an excellent critical discussion of these problems. The findings of Schmidt and Popham are in agreement with Wilkinson's conclusions with regard to mortality due to cardiovascular and respiratory illness but seemingly not with regard to liver disease.