By Milind Desai, Christine Jellis, Teerapat Yingchoncharoen
Valvular middle drugs revolves round the have to safely determine destinations of pathological buildings and/or the interventional instruments had to deal with that pathology. The imaging of the valves is constructing at a tremendous velocity and the clinician needs to be conscious of the benefits of each one modality and the way it compares to the others on hand. there's a want for a pragmatic, medical atlas designed to paintings the reader via situations and assessing the most excellent offerings to be had to physicians. This atlas will signify the entire multimodality imaging judgements wanted while assessing mitral valvular issues. inside this atlas the authors might be featuring a complete pictorial evaluation of the hugely complicated pathology/treatment concepts and administration during this varied crew of sufferers with diverse mitral valvular pathologies. Imaging modalities stream speedy representing problem to practitioners. This atlas will let them to profit the alternatives on hand and be good versed in thoughts. it is going to for this reason be crucial analyzing for all cardiac imagers, surgeons, interventionalists, anesthetists and trainees in those disciplines.
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Additional info for An Atlas of Mitral Valve Imaging
Key risk factors of MAC include advanced age, female sex, and end-stage renal disease. Mitral regurgitation is the most common form of valvular dysfunction from MAC because of impaired sphincter-like function of the mitral annulus and the posterior leaflet elevation from the calcium deposition at the base of the posterior leaflet . Mitral stenosis (MS) is a less common complication of MAC. This form of MS can be differentiated from rheumatic MS by the absence of commissural fusion. The limiting orifice area of calcific MS is at the base of the mitral leaflets.
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Jellis The C-shaped coaptation line results in variable portions of each valve being visible on different cross-sectional imaging planes (Fig. 7). Fig. 6 Labeling systems for the mitral valve scallops. (a) SCA-ASE (Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists – American Society of Echocardiography) or Carpentier classification. (b) Anatomic classification (c) DURAN classification Fig. 1 Representative Views: Transesophageal Echocardiography (TEE) Fig. 8 Four-chamber view (0°, midesophageal) 5 6 Fig.